Born in Hitchin, son of Thomas James and Elizabeth Alice Lewis. Baptised on 19 June 1885 at St Mary's Hitchin. 1911 Census: living with family at 4 Browns Yard, Hitchin, Herts and working as a Tan Yard Salter. Married Nellie E Blaxhill in 1912. They later lived at Maiden Street, Weston, Herts.