Born in Little Hadham, Herts, son of Edmund & Mary Ann (Marianne) Matthews. Baptised on 7 October 1876 at Little Hadham. 1891 Census: living with his brother Walter and his family at Codicote Bottom, and working as an agricultural labourer. 1911 Census: was a Sergeant at the Aldershot Barracks. Resident of West Ham Essex.