Born in Warren's Green, Weston, Herts. on 13 Apr 1887 and christened on 29 May 1887, son of Albert and Emily Oakley (nee Swaine). Living in Ducketts Farm Cottage, Mangrove Lane, St John’s, Hertford in 1901. He married Annie Wallace in 1906 in Hertford and they were living at Barbour's Lodge Cottage, Woodhill, Hatfield in 1911 with their four children. He was working as a horseman on a farm. His widow Annie later gave her address as Goose Green, Hoddesdon, Herts.