Born in 1887, in Standon, to parents William & Elizabeth and was living in 2 Byde Street, Hertford. He had three brothers and one sister and in 1891 they were living in Paper Mill Lane, Standon. His father was employed as a baker’s assistant. In 1901 they were living in Standon Road, Standon and Thomas was employed as a clerk for the Great Eastern Railway. By the 1911 census Thomas was shown as living in Martinique, Border Regiment, 2nd Battalion in Bordon, Hampshire having already enlisted in the Army.