Born in Ayot St Peter, Herts. Baptised at Ayot St Peter church in 1893. Mother named as Ellen Wigmore. Foster son of Mrs E Lawrence of Ayot Green, Welwyn, Herts.
1901 Census: living with Charles and Mary Shepherd at Ayot Green and listed as their adopted son. 1911 Census: Boarder living at Ayot Green with the King family and working as a labourer on a farm.